Richard J. Reiss {2}

Richard J. Reiss {2} – Richard Reiss – Manistee

1943-2022

Manistee on the St. Clair River, June 10, 2015. Photo by Isaac Pennock

Specs

Build Information

Year Built: 1943

Builder: Great Lakes Engineering Works, River Rouge, MI

Hull #290

Registry: US 243406

IMO #5294307

Laid Down: March 9, 1942

Launch Date: September 19, 1942

Commissioned: May 25, 1943

Construction

The Richard J. Reiss was constructed as the L6-S-B1 gearless bulk freighter Adirondack by Great Lakes Engineering Works at their River Rouge, Michigan shipyard for the United States Maritime Commission during World War II. She was traded to the Reiss Steamship Company in early 1943 for older vessels, which were leased back to Reiss until the end of the war.

The Reiss was the second of 16 Maritime class freighters ordered by the U.S. Maritime Commission during World War II. Of the 16 vessels, there were two subclasses, the L6-S-A1 subclass and the L6-S-B1. The A1’s were constructed by the American Shipbuilding Company, and their design included a modern cruiser type stern, shorter stack, aft mast mounted behind the stack, a Lentz-Poppet double compound steam engines and a rounded pilothouse. The B1’s were built by Great Lakes Engineering Works, and their design included a traditional counter stern, tall stack, aft mast stepped forward of the stack, a triple expansion steam engine, and a square pilothouse. Of the 16 Maritime class ships constructed, 6 were of the L6-S-A1 designation and the remaining 10 were of L6-S-B1 designation.

The Richard J. Reiss was the only Maritime Class ships traded to Reiss Steamship Company.

The Richard J. Reiss was originally constructed as a gearless bulk carrier, with box holds designed to be efficient in hauling ore, coal, stone, and grain. She was converted to a self-unloader in 1964, and her self-unloading equipment consists of a dual hold belt leading to forward bucket elevator system to a 250′ deck-mounted boom.

Modifications

  • Deck strapping added, 1943.
  • Converted to self-unloader, Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI, 1964.
  • Repowered, DeFoe Shipbuilding, Bay City, MI, 1976.
  • Self-unloading boom replaced with boom from steamer Hochelaga, Port Weller Dry Docks, St. Catharines, ON, 1994.

General Stats

As Constructed

Length Overall: 620’06”

Length Between Perpendiculars: 604′

Breadth: 60′

Depth: 35′

Loaded Draft: —

Capacity: 9057 Gross Tons, 6793 Net Tons

Vessel Type: Gearless Bulk Carrier

Number of Cargo Holds: 4

Number of Hatches: 18 [Dimensions: 38’x11′]

Primary Operations: Coal Trades

Propellers: 1

Rudders: 1

After Conversion to Self-Unloader, 1964

Length Overall: 620’06”

Length Between Perpendiculars: 604′

Breadth: 60′

Depth: 35′

Loaded Draft: 25’06”

Capacity: 14,900 Tons

Vessel Type: Bucket-Elevator Self-Unloader

Self-Unloading Boom Length: Forward Mounted; 250′

Number of Cargo Holds: 4 [Hatch-Hold Arrangement: 2-5-5-4]

Number of Hatches: 16 [Dimensions: 38’x11′]

Primary Operations: Ore, Coal, Stone, Grain, Salt Trades

Propellers: 1 Controllable Pitch Propeller

Rudders: 1


Engineering Equipment

Original

Engine

Engine Type: Triple-Expansion Steam Engine

Engine Manufacturer: Great Lakes Engineering Works, Engine Department, River Rouge, MI

Engine Model: 3-Cylinder, 24”, 41”, 68”dia. x 42” stroke

Number of Engines: 1

Rated HP: 2500 IHP


Boiler

Boiler Type: Coal-Fired Water Tube Boiler

Boiler Manufacturer: —

Boiler Size: 14,748 sq. ft.

Number of Boilers: 2


Repower – 1976

Engine Type: Diesel Engine

Engine Manufacturer: General Motors Electro-Motive Division, Chicago, IL

Engine Model: 20-645-E5

Number of Engines: 1

Rated HP: 2,950 BHP


History

Lineage

Richard J. Reiss {2} – 1943-1969

Owner: Reiss Steamship Co., Sheboygan, WI

Operator: Reiss Steamship Co.

Flag: United States

Home Port: Sheboygan, WI


Richard J. Reiss {2} – 1969-1986

Owner: Reiss Steamship Co., Division of American Steamship Co., Buffalo, NY

Operator: American Steamship Co.

Flag: United States

Home Port: Wilmington, DE


Richard Reiss – 1986-1992

Owner: American Steamship Co., Buffalo, NY [Chartered to Erie Sand Steamship Co., Erie, PA]

Operator: Erie Sand Steamship Co., Erie, PA

Flag: United States

Home Port: Wilmington, DE


Richard Reiss – 1992-2002

Owner: Erie Sand Steamship Co., Erie, PA

Operator: Erie Sand Steamship Co.

Flag: United States

Home Port: Erie, PA


Richard Reiss – 2002-2005

Owner: Oglebay Norton Co., Cleveland, OH

Operator: Erie Sand Steamship Co., Erie, PA [Subsidiary of Oglebay Norton Co.]

Flag: United States

Home Port: Cleveland, OH


Manistee – 2005-2022

Owner: Grand River Navigation Co., Traverse City, MI [Rand Logistics]

Operator: Grand River Navigation Co.

Flag: United States

Home Port: Cleveland, OH


Her Story

The Richard J. Reiss was constructed in 1943 as the L6-S-B1 gearless bulk freighter Adirondack by Great Lakes Engineering Works at their River Rouge, Michigan, shipyard for the United States Maritime Commission during World War II. She was traded to the Reiss Steamship Company in early 1943 for older vessels, which were leased back to Reiss Steamship until the end of the war. The Reiss was one of 16 “Maritime” Class ships constructed in 1943, and one of ten of her subclass.

The keel for the Adirondack was laid on March 9, 1942, being launched on September 19, 1942. She was renamed Richard J. Reiss in early 1943, entering service on May 25, 1943, with coal from Sandusky, Ohio, for Sheboygan, Wisconsin.

In 1964, the Richard J. Reiss was converted to a self-unloader by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company of Manitowoc, Wisconsin. Upon returning to service, the Reiss carried more diverse cargoes, moving from her typical coal runs to the iron ore and stone trades.

The Reiss Steamship Fleet was sold in 1969 to American Steamship Company. The Reiss continued to operate as part of the Reiss Steamship Company, under ownership of American Steamship Company. The Reiss Steamship Company was finally dissolved in 1986, and the vessels were merged into the American Steamship fleet. Also that year, the Richard J. Reiss was chartered out to Erie Sand & Gravel, with her name being shortened to Richard Reiss, because it was believed that her 13-letter name was “unlucky”.

The Richard Reiss was sold to Erie Sand & Gravel in 1992, continuing operating in her usual stone and sand trade routes. While unloading at Fairport, Ohio, on April 13, 1994, the Reiss‘s self-unloading boom collapsed. She sailed to St. Catharines, Ontario, where her boom was replaced with the boom from the scrapped steamer Hochelaga at Port Weller Dry Docks, returning to service on May 14, 1994.

The Richard Reiss entered long term layup at Erie, Pennsylvania on December 18, 2001. She was sold to Oglebay Norton Company in January of 2002, but never operated for them. She was sold again in 2004 to Grand River Navigation, departing Erie with new stack colors. She sailed for the remainder of the 2004 season before proceeding to Bay Shipbuilding in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, for drydocking and painting into Grand River/Lower Lakes grey and white. After being floated from drydock, she sailed to Sarnia, Ontario, for winter layup, being renamed Manistee over the winter.

The Manistee sailed as an active carrier in the Grand River Navigation fleet for the next decade, serving the stone, salt, and coal trades. The Manistee laid up on on December 22, 2015, at the TORCO Lakefront Docks at Toledo, Ohio, never to operate again. She was moved to the Hocking Valley Railroad slip on December 13, 2017. Due to the amount of repairs required to place her back to service, it was decided to retire the vessel, and was stripped of equipment for use on other vessels. She was sold to Marine Recycling Corp. for scrapping in late 2021, and towed out of Toledo on March 28, 2022. She arrived at the Port Colborne scrapyard on March 30, 2022.


Compiled By Brendan Falkowski

Updated on April 8, 2022


Gallery


Sources

Berry, Sterling P. “Reiss, Richard J. 2”. Great Lakes Vessel History: Vessel Histories of Sterling P. Berry. N.d. Accessed 16 June 2020. <https://www.greatlakesvesselhistory.com/histories-by-name/r/reiss-richard-j-2>

Devendorf, John F. Great Lakes Bulk Carriers, 1869-1985. John F. Devendorf, 1996. Pp. 165.

Greenwood’s Guide to Great Lakes Shipping 2016, Harbor House Publishers, 2016. Pp. 4.12.

The Great Lakes Engineering Works: The Shipyard and its Vessels. Marine Historical Society of Detroit, 2008. Pp. 427-429.

Wharton, George. “Manistee”. Great Lakes & Seaway Shipping Online. N.d. Accessed 16 June 2020. <http://boatnerd.com/pictures/fleet/manistee.htm>